Communism during the Russian Revolution (1917)
  • At first Soviet Union not dominated my communists
    • reform goal to control food sources and free political prisoners under previous rule
  • Communist revolution led by Lenin
    • Anti-Tsar
    • Leader of Communist Party
  • 1917 revolution Communism based
  • Comrade replaced Mr. and Ms. for socialists and communists

Facts on the Ideal Communism
  1. No profits from labors
  2. Everyone is working class
  3. No competition, private property, or class differences
  4. No religion, religion corrupts
  5. Money of country managed by the government
  6. No personal trade (rations)
  7. Take from one, to accomodate needs of other
  8. Government owns education
  9. High income tax
  10. One Central bank
  11. Government run farms/agriculture
  12. Government controlled labor
  13. Government controlled communication

Animalism v. Communism

Animals do not own property, there is no rich or poor animals
The people have no property rights
also no rich or poor
Pigs own all
Government owns all
Animals work for themselves, self motivated
No competition that is present in capitalism
Animals given rations, constantly decreasing
Government controls trade and food rations
high income tax
The pigs are the educators, first for good and then for personal gains
Government runs education programs
The pigs run the farm
The government had total agriculture control
The animals are kept out of the loop
Squealer communicates to animals indirectly
Napolean communicates with humans and does business
Government controls all communication
Animals work soley for the production of windmill, only pigs profit
No personal profit
Examples of Animalism and Communism With In the Novel
  • "All men are enemies. All animals are comrades" Ch 1
    1. Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
    2. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.
    3. No animal shall wear clothes.
    4. No animal shall sleep in a bed.
    5. No animal shall drink alcohol.
    6. No animal shall kill any other animal.
    7. All animals are equal." Ch 2
  • "Yes it was theirs-everything that they could see was theirs." Ch 1
  • "The animals were happy as they had never conceived it possible to be. Every mouthful of food was an acute positive pleasure, now that it was truly their own food, produced by themselves and for themselves, not doled out to them by a grudging master." Ch 3
  • "No one believes more firmly than Comrade Napoleon that all animals are equal. He would be only too happy to let you make your decisions for yourselves. But sometimes you might make the wrong decisions, comrades, and then where should we be?" Ch 5
  • "some of the animals remembered--or thought they remembered--that the Sixth Commandment decreed 'No animal shall kill any other animal.' And though no one cared to mention it in the hearing of the pigs or the dogs, it was felt that the killings which had taken place did not square with this." Ch 8
  • "Besides, in those days they had been slaves and now they were free, and that made all the difference, as Squealer did not fail to point out." Ch 9
  • "Only old Benjamin professed to remember every detail of his long life and to know that things never had been, nor ever could be much better or much worse - hunger, hardship and disappointment being, so he said, the unalterable law of life." Ch 10
Why did Orwell want to depict Communism in this way?
  • Agreed with Karl Marx but disagreed with communism
  • Felt Marx overlooked the personal greed and desire of individuals
  • Communism another form of inequality
  • Makes us question ourselves