Mr. WhymperLincoln Steffens
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Lincoln Steffens (seen above) is an intellectual. After visiting the Soviet Union, he bacame known for the quote: "I've seen the future, and it works"In the novel, Animal Farm, Orwell worked to destroy such "intellectuals".-Introduction to Mr. WhymperAs the first human to be granted contact with Animal Farm since the rebellion, Mr. Whymper, a solicitor from Willingdon, raises concern in the animals."Never to have any dealings with humans beings, never to engage in trade, never to make use of money--had not these been among the earliest resolutions passed at the first triumphant Meeting after Jones was expelled?" (Orwell, 1946). With tense feelings soothed by Napolean's promise to take the burden on himself without subjecting the other animals to human contact, other animals began to receive Mr. Whymper more willingly.Squeeler continued by insisting that no rule had ever been made forbidding contact with humans.Whymper, like Lincoln Steffens, was, to an extent, an intellectual as well in that he was "sharp enough to have realised earlier than anyone else that Animal Farm would need a broker and that the commissions would be worth having" (Orwell, 1946).It should also be noted that "the sight of Napolean, on all fours, delivering orders to Whymper, who stood on two legs, roused [the animals'] pride" (Orwell, 1946).-The ParallelIntellectuals such as Lincoln Steffens were represented in the book by Mr. Whymper, the link between Animal Farm and the outside world. In The book, Mr. Whymper is used by Napolean to spread rumors of the farm's well being.At one point, Mr. Whymper is lead through the farm which appeared to the naked eye to be prospering."Napolean was well aware of the bad results that might follow if the real facts of the food situation were known, and he decided to make use of Mr. Whymper to spread a contrary impression" (Orwell, 1946).Like Whymper, Mr. Steffens was fooled by the illusions set up for him.
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George Bernard Shaw (seen above) praised socialism.-Other ParallelsMr. Whymper can be compared with George Bernard Shaw as well."Shaw visited the USSR in the early 1930s, and after meeting Stalin, became an ardent supporter of the Stalinist USSR" (Blow, 1984).As the intermediary between Animal Farm and the outside world, Mr. Whymper also shares similarities with capitalists who did business with the Soviet state.
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Author, George Orwell (seen above), wrote Animal Farm in 1946.-Reasons For Having the Character Mr. WhymperThe book, Animal Farm, is symbolic of the Russian Revolution.In the satire, Orwell works to expose cruelties by associating real people with characters in the novel.Mr. Whymper is an important character because he is used to expose the false statements made by visitors to the USSR without proper support.These advertisers of Soviet Russia made it appear is if the USSR had a successful system which was found to be far from the truth.-SourcesAnimal farm. (n.d.). Retrieved from, P. (1984, September 6). Harvest of despair. Retrieved from whymper. (n.d.). Retrieved from Animal farm: Penguin, Harmondsworth